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Building Research Infrastructure in Magnet® Hospitals: Current Status and Future Directions

Johantgen, Meg PhD, RN; Weiss, Marianne DNSc, RN; Lundmark, Vicki PhD; Newhouse, Robin PhD, RN, NEA-BC, FAAN; Haller, Karen PhD, RN, FAAN; Unruh, Lynn PhD, RN, LHRM; Shirey, Maria PhD, MBA, RN, NEA-BC, FACHE, FAAN

Journal of Nursing Administration: April 2017 - Volume 47 - Issue 4 - p 198–204
doi: 10.1097/NNA.0000000000000465

OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to describe the infrastructures supporting research in Magnet® hospitals.

BACKGROUND Hospitals undertaking the journey toward Magnet designation must build research and evidence-based practice (EBP) infrastructures that support the infusion of research and EBP into clinical practice.

METHODS An electronic survey was developed and distributed to the chief nursing officer or Magnet coordinator of all Magnet hospitals between June 10, 2015, and July 8, 2015.

RESULTS Of the 418 Magnet hospitals invited, 249 responses (60%) were received. Resources dedicated to nursing research were difficult to isolate from those for EBP. Supporting clinical nurses’ time away from the bedside remains a challenge. Nearly half (44%) indicated that research is conducted within the nurses’ usual clinical hours, and 40% indicated that nurses participate on their own time.

CONCLUSIONS Hospitals use a variety of resources and mentor arrangements to support research and EBP, often the same resources. More targeted resources are needed to fully integrate research into clinical practice.

Author Affiliations: Associate Professor (Dr Johantgen), University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore; Professor (Dr Weiss), Marquette University College of Nursing, Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Director (Dr Lundmark), Institute for Credentialing Research, American Nurses Credentialing Center, Silver Spring, Maryland; Dean and Distinguished Professor (Dr Newhouse), Indiana University School of Nursing, Indianapolis; Vice President of Nursing and Clinical Affairs (Dr Haller), Johns Hopkins Medicine International, Baltimore, Maryland; Professor (Dr Unruh), College of Health and Public Affairs, University of Central Florida, Orlando; and Professor (Dr Shirey), School of Nursing, University of Alabama at Birmingham.

All authors are current or past members of the American Nurses Credentialing Center Research Council.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Correspondence: Dr Johantgen, University of Maryland School of Nursing, 655 W Lombard St, Ste 518, Baltimore, MD 21201 (

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