The aim of this study was to explore blame-related distress (B-RD).
No research exists describing the incidence and characteristics of consequences of blame.
Survey research was used to explore the incidence, characteristics, and consequences of the distress caused by blame in the workplace.
B-RD is prevalent among intensive care and oncology staff. Participants reported an organizational impact to B-RD in terms of staff morale, turnover, and employee health. Management, physicians, and peers were the most frequently cited source of blame.
A proposed model is described to relate blame to other similar constructs.