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Transformational Leadership Practices of Nurse Leaders in Professional Nursing Associations

Ross, Erin J. DNP, ANP-BC, CORLN; Fitzpatrick, Joyce J. PhD, RN, FAAN; Click, Elizabeth R. ND, RN, CWP; Krouse, Helene J. PhD, RN; Clavelle, Joanne T. DNP, RN, NEA-BC, FACHE

Journal of Nursing Administration: April 2014 - Volume 44 - Issue 4 - p 201–206
doi: 10.1097/NNA.0000000000000058

OBJECTIVE: This study describes the transformational leadership (TL) practices of nurse leaders in professional nursing associations (PNAs).

BACKGROUND: Professional nursing associations are vehicles to provide educational opportunities for nurses as well as leadership opportunities for members. Little has been published about the leadership practices of PNA members.

METHOD: E-mail surveys of 448 nurse leaders in PNAs were conducted in 2013 using the Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI).

RESULTS: The top 2 TL practices of these nurse leaders were enabling others to act and encouraging the heart. Respondents with more leadership training reported higher TL practices.

CONCLUSION: This is the 1st study to describe TL practices of nurse leaders in PNAs. Results of this study show that nurse leaders of PNAs emulate practices of TL. Transformational leaders can mobilize and direct association members in reaching shared values, objectives, and outcomes. Understanding TL practices of nurse leaders in PNAs are important to the future of nursing in order to enable nurses to lead change and advance health through these organizations.

Author Affiliations: Doctor of Nursing Practice and Certified Adult Nurse Practitioner (Dr Ross), Head & Neck Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Beachwood, Ohio; Elizabeth Brooks Ford Professor of Nursing (Dr Fitzpatrick); Assistant Professor (Dr Click), Francis Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio; Medical Director (Dr Click), Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio; Professor of Nursing (Dr Krouse), College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan; Senior Vice President and Chief Clinical Officer (Dr Clavelle), Scottsdale Healthcare, Arizona.

Partial funding received to complete the project was presented to Dr Ross in the form of nursing research grants. Grant funding was awarded from Sigma Theta Tau International Alpha Mu Chapter and the Society of Otorhinolaryngology & Head-Neck Nursing.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Correspondence: Dr Ross, Cleveland Clinic Beachwood Family Health Center, 26900 Cedar Rd, Suite 315 S, Beachwood, OH 44122 (

© 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins