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Work Engagement in Magnet®-Designated Hospitals: Exploring Social and Institutional Demographics of RNs to Optimize Improvement Efforts

Wonder, Amy Hagedorn PhD, RN

Journal of Nursing Administration: December 2013 - Volume 43 - Issue 12 - p 667–672
doi: 10.1097/NNA.0000000000000009

OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed and evaluated relationships between work engagement (WE) and social/institutional demographic variables of RNs in Magnet®-designated hospitals.

BACKGROUND: Organizational structures of Magnet-designated hospitals are recognized to promote engagement of RNs. Because little is known about relationships between WE and the social/institutional demographics of nurses, this study focused on age (generation), gender, education, shift, hours worked per week, percentage of time in direct patient care, and nursing unit.

METHODS: A convenience sample of hospital RNs (n = 220) completed 2 surveys to measure WE and demographic variables in this descriptive correlational study.

RESULTS: Shift was significantly related to RN engagement; however, age, gender, education, hours worked per week, percentage of time in direct patient care, and nursing unit were not.

CONCLUSIONS: This study provides empirical evidence about the relationships between WE and social/institutional characteristics of RNs. The findings are relevant to patients, nurses, nurse leaders, and organizations.

Author Affiliation: Assistant Professor, Indiana University, Bloomington.

The author declares no conflicts of interest.

Correspondence: Dr Wonder, 1033 E 3rd St, Sycamore Hall (Room 408), Bloomington, IN 47405 (

© 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins