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Correlates of New Graduate Nurses’ Experiences of Workplace Mistreatment

Read, Emily MSc, RN; Laschinger, Heather K. PhD, FAAN, RN

JONA: The Journal of Nursing Administration: April 2013 - Volume 43 - Issue 4 - p 221–228
doi: 10.1097/NNA.0b013e3182895a90

OBJECTIVE: This study explores correlates of new graduate nurses’ experiences of workplace mistreatment.

BACKGROUND: New graduate nurses’ experiences of workplace mistreatment, such as bullying, coworker incivility, and supervisor incivility, negatively influence nurses’ work and health. It is unclear whether these forms of workplace mistreatment have similar precipitating factors and outcomes.

METHODS: We surveyed 342 new graduate nurses in Ontario to explore correlates of 3 forms of workplace mistreatment.

RESULTS: Workplace incivility and bullying were significantly related to authentic leadership, structural empowerment, worklife fit, and psychological capital. Bullying was more strongly related to job satisfaction, emotional exhaustion, and mental and physical health outcomes than supervisor and coworker incivility.

CONCLUSIONS: New graduate nurses’ experiences of 3 types of workplace mistreatment are related to organizational and health factors, although bullying appears to have stronger negative effects.

Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text.

Author Affiliations: Doctoral Student (Ms Read); Distinguished University Professor (Dr Laschinger), Arthur Labatt Family School of Nursing, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Correspondence: Ms Read, University of Western Ontario, 1151 Richmond Street, Health Sciences Addition Room 38, London, ON, Canada N6A 5C1 (

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© 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.