Using observation, eye tracking, and clinical simulation with embedded errors, we studied the impact of bar-code verification on error identification and recovery during medication administration. Data supported that bar-code verification may reduce but does not eliminate patient identification (ID) and medication errors during clinical simulation of medication administration.
Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text.
Author Affiliations: Professor of Emergency Medicine (Dr P. L. Henneman) and Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine (Ms Blank), Tufts University School of Medicine, Baystate Medical Center, Springfield; Assistant Professor of Engineering (Dr Marquard), Professor of Engineering (Dr Fisher), and Undergraduate Students (Mr Bleil and Ms Walsh), University of Massachusetts, Amherst; Research Assistant (Mr Henneman) and Registered Nurse (Ms Higgins), Baystate Medical Center, Springfield; and Chief Executive Officer (Dr Nathanson), OptiStatim, LLC, Longmeadow, Massachusetts; and Associate Professor of Nursing (Dr E. A. Henneman), University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
This study was funded in part by National Science Foundation (awards 0829901 [to P.L.H.], 1032574 [to J.L.M.], and 0820198 [to E.A.H.]).
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Correspondence: Dr P. L. Henneman, 109 Lake Ave, Sunapee, NH 03782 (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal’s Web site (www.jonajournal.com).