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Destination Bedside: Using Research Findings to Visualize Optimal Unit Layouts and Health Information Technology in Support of Bedside Care

Watkins, Nicholas PhD; Kennedy, Mary MS, RN; Lee, Nelson; O’Neill, Michael PhD; Peavey, Erin MArch; DuCharme, Maria MS, RN, ME-BC; Padula, Cynthia PhD, RN

Journal of Nursing Administration: May 2012 - Volume 42 - Issue 5 - p 256–265
doi: 10.1097/NNA.0b013e3182480918

This study explored the impact of unit design and healthcare information technology (HIT) on nursing workflow and patient-centered care (PCC). Healthcare information technology and unit layout–related predictors of nursing workflow and PCC were measured during a 3-phase study involving questionnaires and work sampling methods. Stepwise multiple linear regressions demonstrated several HIT and unit layout–related factors that impact nursing workflow and PCC.

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Author Affiliations: Director of Research (Dr Watkins), Research Specialist (Ms Peavey), Hellmuth, Obata, and Kassabaum, New York; Independent Consultant (Ms Kennedy), Barrington, Rhode Island; Chief Executive Officer (Mr Lee), Rapidmodeling, Cincinnati, Ohio; Senior Director Workplace Research (Dr O’Neill), Knoll, Inc, New York; Chief Nursing Officer (Ms DuCharme), Research Specialist (Dr Padula), The Miriam Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island.

This research was funded through in-kind matching donations and collaboration among the Miriam Hospital; Hellmuth, Obata, and Kassabaum; and faculty from the Rhode Island School of Nursing.

The views expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the position or policy of Miriam Hospital, HOK, or Rhode Island School of Nursing.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Correspondence: Dr Watkins, Hellmuth, Obata, and Kassabaum (HOK), 1065 Ave of the Americas, 6th floor, New York, NY 10018 (

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© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.