Lewis, Patricia Smokler PhD, RN, NEA-BC, CNML; Malecha, Ann PhD, RN
Authors' Affiliations: Nursing Director (Dr Lewis), Methodist Sugar Land Hospital, Sugar Land, Texas; Professor and Research Director (Dr Malecha), Texas Woman's University, Houston, Texas.
Corresponding author: Dr Lewis, Methodist Sugar Land Hospital, 16655 SW Freeway, Sugar Land, TX 77479 ([email protected]).
Partial financial grant funding was received from the following organizations: Houston Organization of Nurse Executives; Sigma Theta Tau Beta Beta Chapter Houston, Texas; Tillie and Tom Small research grant from Texas Woman's University; and the Houston-Gulf Coast Chapter of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses.
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