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The Impact of Leader-Member Exchange Quality, Empowerment, and Core Self-evaluation on Nurse Manager's Job Satisfaction

Laschinger, Heather K. Spence PhD, RN; Purdy, Nancy MScN, RN; Almost, Joan MScN, RN

JONA: The Journal of Nursing Administration: May 2007 - Volume 37 - Issue 5 - p 221-229
doi: 10.1097/01.NNA.0000269746.63007.08

Objective: The purpose of this study is to test a theoretical model linking nurse managers' perceptions of the quality of the relationship with their supervisors, and empowerment to job satisfaction, and to examine the effect of a personal dispositional variable, core self-evaluation, on the relationships among these variables.

Background Data: Nursing leadership roles have been transformed as a result of dramatic changes within healthcare in the past decade, yet research on the nature of nurse manager work life in current work environments is limited.

Methods: A nonexperimental, predictive design was used in a sample of 141 hospital-based nurse managers obtained from a provincial registry.

Results: Approximately 40.4% of the variance in job satisfaction was explained by leader-member exchange quality (LMX), empowerment, and core self-evaluation.

Conclusion: Higher quality relationships with their immediate supervisor were associated with greater manager structural and psychological empowerment and, consequently, greater job satisfaction. Core self-evaluation played a strong significant role, affecting all components of the model. The results suggest that both situational and personal factors are important determinants of satisfying work environments for nurse managers.

Authors' affiliations: Professor, Associate Director of Nursing Research (Dr Laschinger); Doctoral Student (Ms Purdy), School of Nursing, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario; Doctoral Student (Ms Almost), Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Corresponding author: Heather K. Spence Laschinger, PhD, RN, School of Nursing, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada N6A 5C1 (

Funding: Funded by Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada: Extramural Grants Program Grants #410-99-0377.

© 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.