The purpose of this study is to test a theoretical model linking nurse managers' perceptions of the quality of the relationship with their supervisors, and empowerment to job satisfaction, and to examine the effect of a personal dispositional variable, core self-evaluation, on the relationships among these variables.
Nursing leadership roles have been transformed as a result of dramatic changes within healthcare in the past decade, yet research on the nature of nurse manager work life in current work environments is limited.
A nonexperimental, predictive design was used in a sample of 141 hospital-based nurse managers obtained from a provincial registry.
Approximately 40.4% of the variance in job satisfaction was explained by leader-member exchange quality (LMX), empowerment, and core self-evaluation.
Higher quality relationships with their immediate supervisor were associated with greater manager structural and psychological empowerment and, consequently, greater job satisfaction. Core self-evaluation played a strong significant role, affecting all components of the model. The results suggest that both situational and personal factors are important determinants of satisfying work environments for nurse managers.
Authors' affiliations: Professor, Associate Director of Nursing Research (Dr Laschinger); Doctoral Student (Ms Purdy), School of Nursing, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario; Doctoral Student (Ms Almost), Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Corresponding author: Heather K. Spence Laschinger, PhD, RN, School of Nursing, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada N6A 5C1 (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Funding: Funded by Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada: Extramural Grants Program Grants #410-99-0377.