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Predictors of Sustained Organizational Commitment Among Nurses With Temporary Job Contracts

Jalonen, Paivi PhD¨; Virtanen, Marianna PhD, RN; Vahtera, Jussi MD, PhD; Elovainio, Marko PhD; Kivimaki, Mika PhD¨

Journal of Nursing Administration: May 2006 - Volume 36 - Issue 5 - p 268-276

Objective: To examine sociodemographic, work-related factors and psychological health as predictors of sustained organizational commitment among temporary hospital employees.

Background: The participants were 412 nurses who had a temporary job contract and reported being committed to their organization at baseline.

Methods: Organizational commitment was measured again 2 years later.

Results: The results of logistic regression analysis showed that age over 35 years, high job control, high participative safety, high perceived justice in decision making, and low psychological distress predicted sustained organizational commitment at follow-up. The change from temporary employment to a permanent job and high job control predicted sustained organizational commitment even after the effect of all the other predictors was taken into account.

Conclusion: Organizations that employ temporary workers should pay attention to the job control and career prospects of temporary staff.

Authors' affiliations: Researcher (Dr Jalonen), Senior Researcher (Dr Virtanen), and Research Professor (Dr Vahtera), Finnish Institute of Occupational Health; Senior Researcher (Dr Elovainio), National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health; Professor (Dr Kivima¨ki), Finnish Institute of Occupational Health and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Corresponding author: Dr Jalonen, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, FIN-00250 Helsinki, Finland (

This study is supported by the Academy of Finland (projects 104891 and 105195) and the Finnish Work Environment Foundation.

© 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.