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Leadership Roles, Competencies, and Education: How Prepared Are Our Nurse Managers?

Kleinman, Carol S. PhD, RN, CNAA

Journal of Nursing Administration: September 2003 - Volume 33 - Issue 9 - p 451-455

Although they are responsible for the operation of business units, nurse managers are often less well prepared to manage the business activities than the clinical activities. Perceptions of nurse managers and nurse executives regarding competencies required for nursing management roles and the educational preparation required to attain them were examined. Results indicate the groups are in basic agreement about required competencies, though nurse managers appear less clear about nurse executive role responsibilities. Nurse executives value the acquisition of a master’s degree as essential for nurse manager performance, while fewer nurse managers agree. Strategies nurse executives may employ to develop nurse manager business knowledge include traditional undergraduate and graduate degree programs, online programs, certificate programs, continuing education, inservice education offerings, seminars, and mentoring activities.

Author affiliation: Associate Professor and Director, Health Systems Administration Programs, Seton Hall University College of Nursing, South Orange, NJ.

Corresponding author: Carol S. Kleinman, PhD, RN, CNAA, Seton Hall University College of Nursing, 400 South Orange Ave, South Orange, NJ 07079 (

© 2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.