The label "magnet hospitals" originally was given to a group of U.S. hospitals that were able to successfully recruit and retain professional nurses during a national nursing shortage in the early 1980s. Studies of magnet hospitals illuminated the leadership characteristics and professional practice attributes of nurses within these organizations. Recent investigations within magnet hospitals document significant relationships between nursing and patient outcomes, including mortality and patient satisfaction.
The purpose of this review is to: 1) synthesize the magnet hospital research that describes and evaluates the professional practice of nurses within these institutions and (2) identify areas for future research to advance professional nursing models within current hospital organizations.
Joan Gleason Scott, MA, RN, Doctoral Candidate, e-mail: email@example.com, School of Nursing, Julie Sochalski, PhD, Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, Assistant Director, Center for Health Services and Policy Research, Linda Aiken, PhD, Trustee Professor of Nursing and Professor of Sociology, Fellow, Leonard Davis Institute, Director, Center for Health Services and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.