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Effects of Environmental and Organizational Factors on the Health of Shiftworkers of a Printing Company

Fischer, Frida Marina PhD; Morata, Thaís C. PhD; Latorre, Maria do Rosario PhD; Krieg, Edward F. PhD; Fiorini, Ana Claudia PhD; Colacioppo, Sergio PhD; Gozzoli, Luciane BSc; Padrão, Maria Aparecida BSc; Zavariz, Cecilia PhD; Lieber, Renato PhD; Wallingford, Kenneth M. MS; Cesar, Chester Luiz G. PhD

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: October 2001 - Volume 43 - Issue 10 - p 882-889
Original Articles

This study explored the effects of environmental and organizational stressors on the health of shiftworkers in a printing company (n = 124). A questionnaire was used to gather data on work history, organizational factors, psychosocial characteristics, medical history, present health, occupational and non-occupational exposures, and lifestyle factors. The perception of environmental and organizational conditions was associated (P < 0.05) with chronic back pain (odds ratio [OR], 1.29), varicose veins (OR, 1.35), allergic rhinitis (OR, 1.27), depression (OR, 1.45), and gastritis (OR, 1.15). Anxiety scores were associated with allergic rhinitis (OR, 1.14) and skin allergy (OR, 1.09). Shiftwork was a significant risk factor for conjunctivitis (OR, 3.68), depression (OR, 0.23), cardiac arrhythmia (OR, 7.13), and gastritis (OR, 4.38). Other associations included tenure and chronic back pain (OR, 4.89), toluene exposure and skin allergy (OR, 3.76), worksite and conjunctivitis (OR, 7.0), and worksite and dermatitis (OR, 1.24 to 4.95). The number of hours of exercise per week was associated with varicose veins (OR, 4.33), and alcohol intake was associated with cardiac arrhythmia (OR, 6.74).

From the Department of Environmental Health (Dr Fischer, Dr Fiorini, Dr Colacioppo, Ms Gozzoli, Ms Padrão, Dr Zavariz, Dr Lieber), and the Department of Epidemiology (Dr Latorre, Dr Cesar), School of Public Health, University of São Paulo; and the Division of Applied Research and Technology (Dr Morata, Dr Krieg), and the Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies (Mr Wallingford), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati.

Address correspondence to: Prof Dr Frida Marina Fischer, Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 715, 01246-904 São Paulo SP, Brazil; e-mail: fmfische@usp.br.

© 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.