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Occupational Injuries Among Older Workers With Visual, Auditory, and Other Impairments: A Validation Study

Zwerling, Craig MD, PhD, MPH; Whitten, Paul S. MA; Davis, Charles S. PhD; Sprince, Nancy L. MD, MPH

Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: August 1998 - Volume 40 - Issue 8 - p 720-723
Original Articles
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This study aims to validate a previously defined model of the risk of occupational injuries among older workers with visual, auditory, or other impairments. That model was based upon the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). The previous logistic regression model was recalculated using data from the 1994 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). The parameter estimates for impaired hearing (1.81 in NHIS, 1.55 in HRS), impaired vision (2.42 in NHIS, 1.48 in HRS), and self-employment (0.22 in NHIS, 0.49 in HRS) were in same direction and of roughly the same magnitude. The previously defined model was confirmed using NHIS data. The data suggest that as the workforce ages, more attention must be paid to the accommodation of disabilities in the workplace, especially sensory impairments-poor vision and hearing.

From The University of Iowa Injury Prevention Research Center, Iowa City, Iowa.

Address correspondence to: Craig Zwerling, MD, PhD, MPH, The University of Iowa Injury Prevention Research Center, 100 Oakdale Campus, 124 IREH, Iowa City, IA 52242.

© Williams & Wilkins 1998. All Rights Reserved.