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Differentiation of the ILO Boundary Chest Roentgenograph (0/1 to 1/0) in Asbestosis by High-Resolution Computed Tomography Scan, Alveolitis, and Respiratory Impairment

Harkin, Timothy J. MD; McGuinness, Georgeann MD; Goldring, Roberta MD; Cohen, Henry MPH; Parker, John E. MD; Crane, Michael MD; Naidich, David P. MD; Rom, William N. MD, MPH

Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: January 1996 - Volume 38 - Issue 1 - p 46-52
Original Article

High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scans have been advocated as providing greater sensitivity in detecting parenchymal opacities in asbestos-exposed individuals, especially in the presence of pleural fibrosis, and having excellent inter- and intraobserver reader interpretation. We compared the 1980 International Labor Organization (ILO) International Classification of the Radiographs of the Pneumoconioses for asbestosis with the high-resolution CT scan using a grid scoring system to better differentiate normal versus abnormal in the ILO boundary 0/1 to 1/0 chest roentgenograph. We studied 37 asbestos-exposed individuals using the ILO classification, HRCT grid scores, respiratory symptom questionnaires, pulmonary function tests, and bronchoalveolar lavage. We used Pearson correlation coefficients to evaluate the linear relationship between outcome variables and each roentgenographic method. The normal HRCT scan proved to be an excellent predictor of "normality," with pulmonary function values close to 100% for forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), total lung capacity (TLC), and carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLCO) and no increase in BAL inflammatory cells. Concordant HRCT/ILO abnormalities were associated with reduced FEV1/FVC ratio, reduced diffusing capacity, and alveolitis consistent with a definition of asbestosis. In our study, the ILO classification and HRCT grid scores were both excellent modalities for the assessment of asbestosis and its association with impaired physiology and alveolitis, with their combined use providing statistical associations with alveolitis and reduced diffusing capacity.

From the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Departments of Medicine, Environmental Medicine, and Radiology and Chest Service, Bellevue Hospital Center; and New York University Medical Center, New York, New York (Drs Harkin, McGuinness, Goldring, and Cohen); Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morgantown, West Virginia (Dr Parker); and Consolidated Edison, New York, New York (Dr Crane).

Work was supported by Consolidated Edison and by NIOSH Grant U60/CC 206153 and National Institutes of Health Grant MO1 RR00096.

Address correspondence to: William N. Rom, MD, MPH, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, New York University Medical Center, 550 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016.

© Williams & Wilkins 1996. All Rights Reserved.