To characterize somatotype profile and analyze the association between somatotype components, physical, and physiological variables in special police unit (SPU) officers.
One hundred eight male SPU officers, aged 42.5 ± 4.1 years. Somatotype profile, predicted maximal oxygen consumption (VO2
max), and physical performance tests were evaluated.
The mean somatotypes were 4.04-6.38-1.22. All values clustered amongst the endo-mesomorphism (86%) while mesomorphy was the dominant component (98%). The mean of predicted VO2
max was 50.3 ± 5.2 mL kg−1
. The body mass index (BMI) is more than or equal to 30 was associated to a lowest predicted VO2
= 0.613). The VO2
max negatively correlated with mesomorphy (r
= –0.251). Mesomorphy somatotype was positively associated with maximal and explosive strength
Our findings indicated that somatotype profile can be used as an accurate method to assess body physique and shape in SPU officers and an ecto-mesomorphism profile was associated to superior performance in physical and physiological measures.