Department of Health Law, Policy, and Management, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr Morgan); Department of Population Health Sciences, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York (Dr Murphy); Department of Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr Assoumou, Dr Linas); Department of Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr Assoumou, Dr Linas); and Department of Epidemiology, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr Linas).
Ethical Considerations: Boston University institutional review board ruled this study not human subjects research (retrospective analysis of anonymous publicly available data).
Funding sources: This work was funded in part by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01DA046527 [Dr Morgan, Dr Linas], P30DA040500 [Dr Morgan, Dr Murphy, Dr Linas], and K23DA044085 [Dr Assoumou]) and the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (R01CE002999 [Dr Morgan, Dr Murphy]).
Conflicts of interest: Dr Murphy consulted for Fresh Tonic Marketing on a project unrelated to this work.
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Address correspondence to: Jake R. Morgan, PhD, 715 Albany St, Talbot 340W, Boston, MA 02118 ([email protected]).