Firefighters are at a heightened risk for developing cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to determine if time restricted feeding (TRF) can improve the stress/inflammatory response to a simulated firegrounds test (FGT) in professional firefighters.
Thirteen firefighters participated in an 8-week TRF intervention (14:10 [fasting:feeding]) protocol and completed a FGT before and after the intervention. Blood lactate, heart rate, salivary C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin 1-β (IL-1β), and cortisol were measured pre and post FGT.
Following TRF, the salivary cortisol response to the FGT was significantly (P < 0.05) reduced. Salivary IL-6 and IL-1β were also significantly lower, and CRP was higher following the intervention.
These findings demonstrate lower inflammation and reduced stress response to FGT following TRF and may suggest implications in terms of cardiometabolic benefits for firefighters.