Study examines the curvilinear associations of working time dimensions (working hours, time pressure, work schedules, and control of work time and pace) on psychological and somatic symptoms.
Representative Finnish Quality-of-Work-Life Surveys conducted in 2003, 2008, and 2013 were restricted to those (N = 11,165) regularly working over 10 h/wk with more than 1-year tenure in their job. Generalized additive models were utilized in analysis.
Working hours had U-shaped relationships with psychosomatic symptoms, while time pressure had a threshold effect. Work pace control had linear effect. The effects of work time control and work schedules were insignificant. There were interaction effects between working time dimensions.
Organizations should acknowledge the dynamics of working time dimensions. Notably, time pressure has a hazardous relation to psychosomatic symptoms, but working pace control can buffer the negative effect.