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A RE-AIM Evaluation of a Workplace Physical Activity Microgrant Initiative

The 10,000 Steps Workplace Challenge

Duncan, Mitch J. PhD; Caperchione, Cristina M. PhD; Corry, Kelly BHMSc, Hons; Van Itallie, Anetta BHMSc, Hons; Vandelanotte, Corneel PhD

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: September 2019 - Volume 61 - Issue 9 - p 718–723
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001653

Objective: This study examines the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance of the 10,000 Steps Pedometer Microgrant Scheme using the RE-AIM framework.

Methods: The study used a mixed methods pre–post design. RE-AIM indicators were examined using employee surveys and workplace reports of microgrant implementation, adoption, and maintenance.

Results: A total of 259 microgrants and 21,211 pedometers were awarded (reach). Significant increases in physical activity were observed (P < 0.05) (effectiveness). Many (78%) workplaces reported using at least one challenge resource (adoption). Barriers were higher (26.5%) or lower (20.5%) than anticipated participation rates (implementation). Fifty percent of workplaces would continue to promote physical activity (maintenance).

Conclusions: The microgrant reached a large number of employees and workplaces, increased physical activity, and achieved good levels of adoption and implementation. Employee and workplace levels of maintenance were mixed and need to be improved.

School of Medicine & Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia (Dr Duncan); Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, Faculty of Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW, Australia (Dr Duncan); Human Performance Research Centre, Sport and Exercise, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Moore Park, Sydney, Australia (Dr Caperchione); Central Queensland University, School of Health, Medical and Applied Science, Physical Activity Research Group, Appleton Institute, Rockhampton, QLD, Australia (Ms Corry, Ms Itallie and Dr Vandelanotte).

Address correspondence to: Mitch J. Duncan, PhD, ATC-315, University of Newcastle, The University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia (

MJD is supported by a Career Development Fellowship (APP1141606) from the National Health and Medical Research Council. CV (ID 100427) is supported by a Future Leader Fellowship from the National Heart Foundation of Australia. The microgrant scheme was supported by Queensland Health (a state health ministry in Australia), which is also funding the broader 10,000 Steps program [ID 71487].

Duncan, Caperchione, Corry, Itallie, and Vandelanotte have no relationships/conditions/circumstances that present potential conflict of interest.

The JOEM editorial board and planners have no financial interest related to this research.

Supplemental digital contents are available for this article. Direct URL citation appears in the printed text and is provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (

Copyright © 2019 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine