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Impact of a Caregiver-Friendly Workplace Policies Intervention

A Prospective Economic Evaluation

Mofidi, Amirabbas, PhD; Tompa, Emile, PhD; Williams, Allison, PhD; Yazdani, Amin, PhD; Lero, Donna, PhD; Mortazavi, Seyed Bagher, PhD

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: June 2019 - Volume 61 - Issue 6 - p 461–468
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001564

Objective: We estimate the potential cost–benefit of a caregiver-friendly workplace policies (CFWPs) educational intervention to facilitate uptake of supports for carer-employees (CEs) at a post-secondary institution.

Methods: We identified CEs through a voluntary survey and estimated the economic burden of caregiving activities from the CEs’ and employer's perspective. The latter is used as the baseline of comparison for evaluating the cost–benefit of the intervention.

Results: The economic cost of caregiving-related activities for the “no intervention” scenario was estimated at $33,841,789 ($32,922 per-case) and $8,916,342 ($8,674 per-case) from the CEs’ and employer's perspectives, respectively. We find the educational intervention is a cost-beneficial program with the net benefit ranging from $48,010 to $676,657, based on six scenarios of effectiveness.

Conclusion: This study provides practical information for human resources and operations management decision-making in terms of a CFWPs educational intervention.

Institute for Work & Health, Ontario, Canada (Dr Mofidi, Dr Tompa); Department of Occupational Health and Safety, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran (Dr Mofidi, Dr Mortazavi); Department of Economics, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada (Dr Tompa); Department of Geography and Earth Science, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada (Dr Williams); School of Business and Hospitality, Conestoga College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning, Ontario, Canada (Dr Yazdani); Centre of Research Expertise for the Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders (CRE-MSD), University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada (Dr Yazdani); College of Social and Applied Human Sciences, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada (Dr Lero).

Address correspondence to: Emile Tompa, PhD, Institute for Work & Health, 481 University Ave Suite 800, Toronto, ON M5G 2E9, Canada (

Funding: This study is funded by the Canadian Institutes for Health Research, Operating Grant titled “Evaluation of Caregiver-Friendly Workplace Policy (CFWPs) Interventions on the Health of Full-time Caregiver-Employees (CEs): Implementation and Cost-benefit Analysis” (MOP-137044).

Disclaimer: None.

Tompa, Mofidi, Williams, Yazdani, Lero, and Mortazavi have no relationships/conditions/circumstances that present potential conflict of interest.

The JOEM editorial board and planners have no financial interest related to this research.

Supplemental digital contents are available for this article. Direct URL citation appears in the printed text and is provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (

Copyright © 2019 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine