To characterize somatotype profile and analyze the association between somatotype components, physical, and physiological variables in special police unit (SPU) officers.
One hundred eight male SPU officers, aged 42.5 ± 4.1 years. Somatotype profile, predicted maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max), and physical performance tests were evaluated.
The mean somatotypes were 4.04-6.38-1.22. All values clustered amongst the endo-mesomorphism (86%) while mesomorphy was the dominant component (98%). The mean of predicted VO2max was 50.3 ± 5.2 mL kg−1 min−1. The body mass index (BMI) is more than or equal to 30 was associated to a lowest predicted VO2max (r = 0.613). The VO2max negatively correlated with mesomorphy (r = –0.251). Mesomorphy somatotype was positively associated with maximal and explosive strength tests.
Our findings indicated that somatotype profile can be used as an accurate method to assess body physique and shape in SPU officers and an ecto-mesomorphism profile was associated to superior performance in physical and physiological measures.
Polytechnic Institute of Viana do Castelo, School of Sport and Leisure, Complexo Desportivo e de Lazer de Melgaço Monte de Prado (Mr Araújo, Dr Rocha-Rodrigues, Dr Rodrigues); Detached Force of Special Police Unit (Mr Araújo); Faculty of Sports Sciences and Physical Activity, University of Vigo, Vigo, Spain (Mr Araújo, Dr Cancela); Laboratory of Metabolism and Exercise, Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure (CIAFEL), Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Porto (Dr Rocha-Rodrigues); Research Center in Sports Science, Health Sciences and Human Development (CIDESD) (Dr Rodrigues), Portugal.
Address correspondence to: Luís Paulo Rodrigues, PhD, Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer; Complexo Desportivo e de Lazer Comendador Rui Solheiro, 4960-320 Melgaço, Viana do Castelo, Portugal (email@example.com)
Funding: The Research Center in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure was supported by Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT): UID/DTP/00617/2013.
Conflicts of Interest: None declare.