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The Relationships Between Physical Activity and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors Among Women Participating in a University-Based Worksite Wellness Program

Gottesman, Kimberly DCN, RDN, LDN, CNSC; Rawal, Shristi PhD; Parrott, James Scott PhD; Byham-Gray, Laura D. PhD, RDN, FNKF; Touger-Decker, Riva PhD, RD; Radler, Diane Rigassio PhD, RD

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: December 2018 - Volume 60 - Issue 12 - p 1098–1107
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001439
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
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Objective: Associations between changes in physical activity (PA) and cardiometabolic risk factors among women with overweight/obesity enrolled in a university-based worksite wellness program (WWP) were examined.

Methods: Data from 173 women who completed a 26-week WWP were analyzed retrospectively. Participants completed diet and PA assessments and received client-centered diet/lifestyle counseling at baseline, and 12 and 26 weeks thereafter. Anthropometrics, blood pressure, and total cholesterol were measured; PA was self-reported using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-short form at each visit.

Results: Significant improvements in anthropometrics (P < 0.001), blood pressure (P < 0.001), total cholesterol (P = 0.014), and PA (P = 0.007) were found at 26 weeks. In adjusted linear regression models, a 10 metabolic-equivalent-minute increase in PA was associated with 0.01% corresponding decreases in weight and waist circumference.

Conclusion: Among women who completed this WWP, increased PA was associated with reductions in anthropometric measures.

Department of Clinical and Preventive Nutrition Sciences at Rutgers University, Newark, New Jersey (Drs Gottesman, Rawal, Parrott, Byham-Gray, Touger-Decker), and Department of Clinical and Preventive Nutrition Sciences at Rutgers University and the Institute for Nutrition Interventions, Newark, New Jersey (Dr Radler).

Address correspondence to: Kimberly Gottesman, DCN, RDN, LDN, CNSC, 65 Bergen Street, Room 157, Newark, NJ 07107 (gotteski@shp.rutgers.edu).

Funding for this study was provided by the Department of Clinical and Preventive Nutrition Sciences and Dean's Office; School of Health Professions, Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences.

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Copyright © 2018 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine