The aim of this study was to investigate the association between 9/11-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), dust cloud exposure, and subsequent development of stroke among 42,527 enrollees in the World Trade Center (WTC) Health Registry.
Using four waves of longitudinal data from the WTC Health Registry surveys, we employed Cox proportional hazards regression models to assess the associations.
Incidence of stroke was higher among those with PTSD or intense dust cloud exposure than those without, and it was even higher for those who had experienced both. In fully adjusted models, participants with PTSD had an increased risk of developing stroke [adjusted hazards ratio (AHR) 1.69, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.42 to 2.02], as did those with intense dust exposure (AHR 1.29, 95% CI 1.09 to 1.53).
We found that individuals with 9/11-related PTSD and/or intense dust exposure may have an increased risk of developing stroke.