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The Impact of Work Ability on Work Motivation and Health: A Longitudinal Study Based on Older Employees

Feißel, Annemarie, MSc; Swart, Enno, PhD; March, Stefanie, PhD

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: May 2018 - Volume 60 - Issue 5 - p e238–e244
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001244
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
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Objective: Work participation is determined by work motivation and work ability with health as a significant component. Within the lidA-study, we explore the impact of work ability on work motivation and health with consideration of further influencing factors.

Methods: Four thousand one hundred nine older employees were interviewed two times (t0 = 2011, t1 = 2014). Two multivariate analyses were performed regarding the influence of work ability on work motivation (Model 1) and health (Model 2).

Results: Within the multivariate analysis, of all the influencing factors, work ability has the strongest effect on work motivation (F = 37.761) and health (F = 76.402). It appears as a decisive determinant for both dimensions.

Conclusion: Regarding the results, it is useful to focus on the work ability of older employees in order to maintain and boost their work motivation and health.

Institute for Social Medicine and Health Economics, Faculty of Medicine, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany.

Address correspondence to: Annemarie Feißel, MSc, Institute for Social Medicine and Health Economics, Faculty of Medicine, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Leipziger Str. 44, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany (annemarie.feissel@med.ovgu.de).

This work was supported by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research [grant numbers 01ER0825, 01ER0826, 01ER0827, and 01ER0806].

Part of this work was presented at the annual congress of the German Society of Social Medicine and Prevention (DGSMP) in Regensburg, Germany (September 23 to 25, 2015).

The authors have no conflict of interest.

Copyright © 2018 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine