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Health Status of Gulf War and Era Veterans Serving in the US Military in 2000

Porter, Ben, PhD; Long, Kyna, MS; Rull, Rudolph, P., PhD; Dursa, Erin, K., PhDfor the Millennium Cohort Study Team

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: May 2018 - Volume 60 - Issue 5 - p e261–e267
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001280

Objective: This research describes Gulf War and era veterans enrolled in the Millennium Cohort Study, who were sampled from US military personnel serving in 2000, and compares health characteristics of this sample to a Department of Veterans Affairs study sampled from the complete population.

Methods: Demographics characteristics of this sample were described. Self-reported health characteristics were compared between the two studies.

Results: Gulf War and era veterans in the Millennium Cohort were generally healthier than in the VA study; they had fewer medical conditions and mental health disorders and better self-reported health. In both studies, Gulf War veterans had poorer health outcomes than era veterans.

Conclusion: The Millennium Cohort Study is a unique resource for examining the long-term health effects of Gulf War deployment, particularly comparing deployed and nondeployed personnel and examining illnesses with long latencies.

The Henry M Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland (Dr Porter, Ms Long); Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California (Dr Rull); Post-Deployment Health Epidemiology Program, Office of Patient Care Services, Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, DC (Dr Dursa).

Address correspondence to: Ben Porter, PhD, Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106-3621 (

Disclaimer: I am a military service member (or employee of the US Government). This work was prepared as part of my official duties. Title 17 U.S.C. § 105 provides the “Copyright protection under this title is not available for any work of the United States Government.” Title 17 U.S.C. § 101 defines a US Government work as work prepared by a military service member or employee of the US Government as part of that person's official duties.

This work was funded by the US Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Research and Development and the VA Office of Patient Care Services under work unit no. 60002. The Millennium Cohort Study is funded through the Military Operational Medicine Research Program, US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Fort Detrick, MD. Support for this project was provided under federal interagency agreement #2012-FRS-0028 as a collaboration between the Millennium Cohort Study, VA Office of Research and Development, and VA Office of Patient Care Services, Post-Deployment Health Services. The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Navy, Department of the Army, Department of the Air Force, Department of Veterans Affairs, Department of Defense, or the US Government. Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.

Informed consent was waived in accordance 32 CFR § 219.116(d). This research has been conducted in compliance with all applicable federal regulations governing the protection of human subjects in research (Protocol NHRC.2000.0007).

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

Copyright © 2018 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine