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Risk Management Interventions to Reduce Injuries and Maximize Economic Benefits in U.S. Mining

Griffin, Stephanie C. PhD, CIH; Bui, David P. MPH; Gowrisankaran, Gautam PhD; Lutz, Eric A. PhD; He, Charles PhD; Hu, Chengcheng PhD; Burgess, Jefferey L. MD, MS, MPH

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: March 2018 - Volume 60 - Issue 3 - p 226–233
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001245
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
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CME

Objective: Risk management (RM) is a cyclical process of identifying and ranking risks, implementing controls, and evaluating their effectiveness. This study aims to identify effective RM interventions in the U.S. mining industry.

Methods: RM interventions were identified in four companies representing metal, aggregate, and coal mining sectors. Injury rates were determined using Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) data and changes in injury rates identified through change point analysis. Program implementation costs and associated changes in injury costs were evaluated for select interventions.

Results: Six of 20 RM interventions were associated with a decline in all injuries and one with a reduction in lost-time injuries, all with a positive return on investment.

Conclusion: Reductions in injuries and associated costs were observed following implementation of a limited number of specific RM interventions.

Division of Community, Environment & Policy, Mel & Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health (MEZCOPH), The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (Drs Griffin, Burgess); Mel & Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health (MEZCOPH), The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (Dr Bui); Department of Economics, Eller College of Management, Tucson, Arizona (Dr Gowrisankaran); Custos Fratris, 3LC, Tucson, Arizona (Dr Lutz); Amazon.com, Seattle, Washington (Dr He); and Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Mel & Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health (MEZCOPH), The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (Dr Hu).

Address correspondence to: Stephanie C. Griffin, PhD, CIH, Division of Community, Environment & Policy, Mel & Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health (MEZCOPH), The University of Arizona, P.O. Box 245215, Tucson, AZ 85724 (scgriffin@email.arizona.edu).

This study was sponsored by the Alpha Foundation for the Improvement of Mine Safety and Health, Inc. (ALPHA FOUNDATION).

The views, opinions, and recommendations expressed herein are solely those of the authors and do not imply any endorsement by the ALPHA FOUNDATION, its Directors, and staff.

Authors Griffin, Bui, Gowrisankaran, Lutz, He, Hu, and Burgess have no relationships/conditions/circumstances that present potential conflict of interest.

The JOEM editorial board and planners have no financial interest related to this research.

Copyright © 2018 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine