A Systematic, Thematic Review of Social and Occupational Factors Associated With Psychological Outcomes in Healthcare Employees During an Infectious Disease Outbreak : Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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A Systematic, Thematic Review of Social and Occupational Factors Associated With Psychological Outcomes in Healthcare Employees During an Infectious Disease Outbreak

Brooks, Samantha Kelly PhD; Dunn, Rebecca MSc; Amlôt, Richard PhD; Rubin, Gideon James PhD; Greenberg, Neil MD

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Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60(3):p 248-257, March 2018. | DOI: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001235

Abstract

Objective: 

To conduct a systematic literature review to identify social and occupational factors affecting the psychological wellbeing of healthcare workers involved in the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) crisis.

Methods: 

Four literature databases were searched and data extracted from relevant papers.

Results: 

Eighteen thousand five papers were found and 22 included in the review. The psychological impact of SARS on employees appeared to be associated with occupational role; training/preparedness; high-risk work environments; quarantine; role-related stressors; perceived risk; social support; social rejection/isolation; and impact of SARS on personal or professional life.

Conclusions: 

To minimize the psychological impact of future outbreaks of infectious diseases, healthcare workers should be prepared for the potential psychological impact; employers should encourage a supportive environment in the workplace and ensure that support is in place for those most at risk, for example, those with the most patient contact.

Copyright © 2018 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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