The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of individually tailored intelligent physical exercise training (IPET) on presenteeism and absenteeism among office workers.
In a 1-year randomized controlled trial (RCT), employees were allocated to a training group TG (N = 193) or control group CG (N = 194). TG received 1-hour high-intensity IPET once a week within working hours, and was recommended to perform 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity (PA) 6 days a week during leisure-time.
An intention-to-treat analysis showed no effect on absenteeism, but a significant 4% increase in workability and 9% increase in general health in TG compared with CG. A per-protocol analysis [adherence of ≥70% (N = 89)] in addition showed a significant 6% increase in productivity and a 29% reduction in absenteeism compared with CG.
IPET combined with recommendations of leisure-time PA significantly improved presenteeism and decreased absenteeism if following the protocol.
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Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark (Dr Justesen, Dr Søgaard, Dalager, Dr Christensen, Dr Sjøgaard); Denmark Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, Odense, Denmark (Dr Søgaard); and Department of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark (Dr Christensen).
Address correspondence to: Just Bendix Justesen, PhD, Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, 5230 Odense, Denmark (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Financial support was received from the companies: Implement Consulting Group, and the Simon Fougner Hartmanns Family-foundation, Denmark.
Authors Justesen, Søgaard, Dalager, Christensen, and Sjøgaard have no relationships/conditions/circumstances that present potential conflict of interest.
The JOEM editorial board and planners have no financial interest related to this research.
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