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Associations Among Work and Family Health Climate, Health Behaviors, Work Schedule, and Body Weight

Buden, Jennifer C. MS, RDN; Dugan, Alicia G. PhD; Faghri, Pouran D. MD, MS, FACSM; Huedo-Medina, Tania B. PhD; Namazi, Sara MS; Cherniack, Martin G. MD, MPH

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: June 2017 - Volume 59 - Issue 6 - p 588–599
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001049
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
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Objectives: Correctional employees exhibit elevated obesity rates. This study examines interrelations among health behaviors, health climate, body mass index (BMI), and work schedule.

Methods: Using survey results from correctional supervisors (n = 157), mediation and moderated-mediation analyses were performed to examine how health behaviors explain relationships between obesity, work health climate (WHC) and family health climate (FHC), and work schedule.

Results: Over 85% of the sample was overweight/obese (mean BMI = 30.20). Higher WHC and FHC were associated with lower BMI, mediated by nutrition, and physical activity. The interaction effect between health behavior and work schedule revealed a protective effect on BMI. Overtime shift work may share a relationship with BMI.

Conclusions: Findings may have implications for reexamining organizational policies on maximum weekly overtime in corrections. They provide direction for targeted obesity interventions that encourage a supportive FHC and promote healthy behaviors among supervisors working overtime.

Department of Allied Health Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs (Ms Buden, Dr Faghri, Dr Huedo-Medina); Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington (Dr Dugan, Ms Namazi, Dr Cherniack), Connecticut.

Address correspondence to: Pouran D. Faghri, MD, MS, FACSM, Health Promotion Sciences, Department of Allied Health Sciences; Community Medicine and Health Care/Public Health, School of Medicine; Biomedical Engineering, School of Engineering; University of Connecticut Center for Environmental Health and Health Promotion, 358 Mansfield Road, U-2101 Koons Hall, Room 318, Storrs, CT 06269-1101 (Pouran.Faghri@uconn.edu).

Grant sponsor: This publication was supported by The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of NIOSH. Grant Number: R01OH008929. This work was also supported by the Center for the Promotion of Health in the New-England Workplace (CPH-NEW).

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

Copyright © 2017 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine