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Diagnosed Chronic Health Conditions Among Injured Workers With Permanent Impairments and the General Population

Casey, Rebecca PhD; Ballantyne, Peri J. PhD

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: May 2017 - Volume 59 - Issue 5 - p 486–496
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000998
Original Articles

Objective: To profile chronic health conditions of an injured worker sample before and after workplace injury and compare injured workers to a matched community sample.

Methods: Logistic regression analyses compared risk of certain chronic health conditions for permanently disabled injured workers in the pre- and post-injury periods to comparator subsamples from the Canadian Community Health Surveys 2003 and 2009/2010.

Results: There were notable health differences between the injured worker and comparator samples for the post-injury period. Injured men and women were more likely to report arthritis, hypertension, ulcers, depression, and back problems than the comparator sample. Injured women were also more likely to report migraine headaches and asthma.

Conclusions: The observed differences suggest that permanently impaired injured workers experience more rapidly accelerated health declines than other aging workers, and this outcome is gendered.

Department of Political Science, York University, Toronto (Dr Casey); Department of Sociology, Trent University, Peterborough (Dr Ballantyne); Research Action Alliance on the Consequences of Work Injury (Dr Casey, Dr Ballantyne); and Institute for Work and Health (Ballantyne), Canada.

Address correspondence to: Peri J. Ballantyne, PhD, Department of Sociology, Trent University, 1600 West Bank Drive, Peterborough, ON, K9L 0G2, Canada (

Funding was provided by Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada—Community-University Research Alliance funding envelope (Grant 833–2005–1012) to support data collection. Doctoral support to R. Casey was provided by a Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) Doctoral Fellowship, an Ontario Graduate Scholarship, and a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council SEDAP (Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population) grant.

Conflicts of Interest: None declared.

Copyright © 2017 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine