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Evaluation of a Voluntary Work Site Weight Loss Program on Hypertension

Earnest, Conrad P. PhD; Church, Timothy S. MPH, MD, PhD

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: December 2016 - Volume 58 - Issue 12 - p 1207–1211
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000888
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
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Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a worksite weight loss program hypertension.

Methods: Participants [N = 5998; body mass index (BMI) 34 ± 7 m/kg2, 33% hypertensive] participating in a 10-week weight loss program were examined for hypertension prevalence within categories of (1) weight gain, or loss (2) less than 3%, (3) 3% to 5%, (4) 5% to 10%, and (5) more than 10% using general linear models or Chi-square analyses.

Results: We observed a significant dose–response trend for the reduced prevalence of hypertension at follow-up (P-for-trend < 0.001). Baseline versus follow-up comparisons showed those gaining weight (28% vs 25%, adjres. = 2.5) or losing less than 3% (31% vs 25% adjres. = 2.9) were significantly more likely to present with hypertension at follow-up. Those losing 5% to 10% (33% vs 19%, adjres. = −3.2) or more than 10% (39% vs 17%, adjres. = −3.2) were significantly more likely to present without hypertension.

Conclusion: Weight loss more than 5% significantly reduced workplace hypertension, while gaining weight increased its likelihood.

Texas A&M University, Exercise and Sport Nutrition Lab, College Station (Dr Earnest), and ACAP Health, Dallas, Texas (Dr Church).

Address correspondence to: Conrad P. Earnest, PhD, Texas A&M University College Station, College Station, TX 77843 (conrad.earnest@exchange.tamu.edu).

The current study was funded by ACAP Health, Dallas, TX, USA.

Dr Earnest works as the Director of Clinical Science at the dietary supplement company Nutrabolt, is a research scientist at Texas A&M University, and a consultant to ACAP Health. Dr Earnest is also an independent consultant for Naturally Slim and received compensation for lodging as a speaker for the International Society for Sports Nutrition. Dr Earnest was responsible for the data analysis and writing of the paper.

Dr Church serves as the Chief Medical Officer at ACAP Health and is responsible for the writing and editing of the paper.

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

Copyright © 2016 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine