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The Relationship Between Job Satisfaction and Productivity-Related Costs

A Longitudinal Analysis

Arnold, Amélie E. MSc; Coffeng, Jennifer K. PhD; Boot, Cécile R.L. PhD; van der Beek, Allard J. PhD; van Tulder, Maurits W. PhD; Nieboer, Dagmar MSc; van Dongen, Johanna M. PhD

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: September 2016 - Volume 58 - Issue 9 - p 874–879
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000831
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Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the longitudinal relationship between job satisfaction and total productivity-related costs, and between job satisfaction and absenteeism and presenteeism costs separately. A secondary aim was to explore whether these relationships differed across job types.

Methods: Linear generalized estimating equation analyses were used to explore the longitudinal relationships. To explore whether the relationships differed across job types, stratified analyses were performed.

Results: A significant relationship was found between job satisfaction and total productivity-related costs [β = €−273; 95% confidence interval (95% CI): −407 to −200] and between job satisfaction and presenteeism costs (β = €−276; 95% CI: −367 to −235), but not between job satisfaction and absenteeism costs. These relationships differed across job types.

Conclusions: Higher levels of job satisfaction were longitudinally related to lower total productivity-related costs and presenteeism costs, but not to lower absenteeism costs. These relationships seem to differ across job types.

Department of Health Sciences and the EMGO+ Institute for Health and Care Research, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University Amsterdam (Ms Arnold, Dr van Tulder, Ms Nieboer, Dr van Dongen); Department of Public and Occupational Health and the EMGO+ Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center (Drs Coffeng, Boot, van der Beek); Body@Work, Research Center for Physical Activity, Work and Health, TNO-VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands (Drs Coffeng, Boot, van der Beek, van Tulder, van Dongen).

Address correspondence to: Johanna M. van Dongen, PhD, VU University, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 BT Amsterdam, the Netherlands (j.m.van.dongen@vu.nl).

Authors Arnold, Coffeng, Boot, van der Beek, van Tulder, Nieboer and van Dongen have no other relationships/conditions/circumstances that present potential conflict of interest.

The JOEM editorial board and planners have no financial interest related to this research.

This project is part of a research program called “Vitality In Practice,” which is funded by Fonds Nuts Ohra (Nuts Ohra Foundation).

Copyright © 2016 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine