The aim of this study was to determine whether management system practices directed at both occupational health and safety (OHS) and operations (joint management system [JMS] practices) result in better outcomes in both areas than in alternative practices.
Separate regressions were estimated for OHS and operational outcomes using data from a survey along with administrative records on injuries and illnesses.
Organizations with JMS practices had better operational and safety outcomes than organizations without these practices. They had similar OHS outcomes as those with operations-weak practices, and in some cases, better outcomes than organizations with safety-weak practices. They had similar operational outcomes as those with safety-weak practices, and better outcomes than those with operations-weak practices.
Safety and operations appear complementary in organizations with JMS practices in that there is no penalty for either safety or operational outcomes.
Institute for Work & Health, Toronto (Drs Tompa, Robson, Sarnocinska-Hart, Sharma, Johnson, Amick, Pagell); Department of Economics, McMaster University, Hamilton (Dr Tompa); Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto (Drs Tompa, Johnson); Ivey Business School at Western University, London, Ontario (Dr Klassen); York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (Drs Shevchenko, Sharma, Johnston); Robert Stempel College of Public Health & Social Work, Florida International University, Miami (Dr Amick); College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis (Dr Veltri); and Michael Smurfit Graduate School of Business, University College Dublin, Blackrock, County Dublin, Ireland (Dr Pagell).
Address correspondence to: Emile Tompa, PhD, Institute for Work & Health, 481 University Avenue, Suite 800, Toronto, ON M5G 2E9, Canada (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Funding for this research has been provided by the Ontario Workplace Safety & Insurance Board's Research Advisory Council Grant #08010. The authors declare no conflicts of interest.