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Job Satisfaction in the European Union: The Role of Macroeconomic, Personal, and Job-Related Factors

Augner, Christoph PhD

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: March 2015 - Volume 57 - Issue 3 - p 241–245
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000398
Original Articles
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Background: Job satisfaction is influenced by many factors. Most of them are attributed to personality or company features. Little research has been conducted identifying the relationship of job satisfaction with macroeconomic parameters.

Methods: We used data collected by European Commission (Eurostat, Eurofound) and World Health Organization (WHO) for personal (eg, subjective health, physical activity), company (eg, career advancement perspectives, negative health effects of work), or macroeconomic parameters (eg, Gross Domestic Product, unemployment rate) on state level. Correlation analysis and a stepwise linear regression model were obtained.

Results: Gross domestic product (GDP) was the best predictor for job satisfaction across the European Union member states ahead of good career perspectives, and WHO-5 score (depressive symptoms).

Conclusions: Beside personal, job-related, and organizational factors that influence job satisfaction, the macroeconomic perspective has to be considered, too.

From the IGGMB-Health Research Institute, University Clinics of the Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria.

Address correspondence to: Christoph Augner, PhD, IGGMB-Health Research Institute, University Clinics of the Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria (c.augner@salk.at).

Conflict of interest: None.

Copyright © 2015 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine