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Organizational Justice, Selection, Optimization With Compensation, and Nurses' Work Ability

von Bonsdorff, Monika E. PhD; von Bonsdorff, Mikaela B. PhD; Zhou, Zhiqing E. MA; Kauppinen, Markku MSc; Miettinen, Merja PhD; Rantanen, Taina PhD; Vanhala, Sinikka PhD

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: March 2014 - Volume 56 - Issue 3 - p 326–330
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000102
Original Articles

Objective: To explore associations between age, organizational justice, selection, optimization with compensation (SOC), and work ability.

Methods: Data for this study were collected in 2011 among 605 employees (mean age = 43.7, SD = 10.7, 86% women) working at a university hospital in Finland.

Results: Age and work ability were negatively associated. Those who experienced high organizational justice and used SOC behaviors at work reported better work ability. The SOC behaviors mediated the relationship between justice and work ability. This meant that high experiences of organizational justice facilitated the use of SOC and thus helped employees maintain their work ability.

Conclusions: Organizational justice can help promote work ability in two ways–-directly by supporting employees' mental resources and indirectly by facilitating the use of individual resource allocation strategies in the form of SOC behaviors.

From the Gerontology Research Center and Department of Health Sciences (Drs M.E. von Bonsdorff, M.B. von Bonsdorff, and Rantanen and Ms Kauppinen), University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland; School of Business (Drs M.E. von Bonsdorff and Vanhala), Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland; University of South Florida (Mr Zhou), Tampa; and Kuopio University Hospital (Dr Miettinen), Kuopio, Finland.

Address correspondence to Monika E. von Bonsdorff, PhD, Gerontology Research Centre, Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, PO Box 35 (Kärki), FIN-40014 University of Jyväskylä (

There are no conflicts of interest to disclose.

Copyright © 2014 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine