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Health Risk Factors Associated With Presenteeism in the Workplace

Callen, Bonnie L. PhD, RN; Lindley, Lisa C. PhD, RN; Niederhauser, Victoria P. DrPH, RN

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: November 2013 - Volume 55 - Issue 11 - p 1312–1317
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182a200f4
Original Articles
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Objective: An emerging concern in the workplace is the productivity of employees who come to work instead of staying home when they are ill, also referred to as presenteeism. This study examined the health risks associated with presenteeism.

Methods: Using a cross-sectional correlational design, we used data from a 2010 self-reported wellness surveys. A negative binomial regression model was used to explore the association between employee health risks and presenteeism.

Results: The findings revealed that workplace stress (β = 0.76; P < 0.001), stress at home (β = 0.87; P < 0.001), and financial stress (β = 0.59; P < 0.001) were related to presenteeism. Other health risks were not associated with presenteeism.

Conclusions: We found that only stress was related to presenteeism, and other health risks were unrelated to presenteeism.

From the College of Nursing, University of Tennessee–Knoxville, Knoxville, Tenn.

Address correspondence to: Bonnie L. Callen, PhD, RN, College of Nursing, University of Tennessee–Knoxville, 1200 Volunteer Blvd, Knoxville, TN 37996 (bcallen@utk.edu).

This publication was funded by a grant from B&W Y-12.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.

Copyright © 2013 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine