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The Influence of Transformational Leadership on Employee Well-Being: Results From a Survey of Companies in the Information and Communication Technology Sector in Germany

Jacobs, Christine; Pfaff, Holger PhD; Lehner, Birgit MA; Driller, Elke PhD; Nitzsche, Anika PhD; Stieler-Lorenz, Brigitte PhD; Wasem, Jürgen PhD; Jung, Julia PhD

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: July 2013 - Volume 55 - Issue 7 - p 772–778
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182972ee5
Original Articles

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of a transformational leadership style on employee well-being.

Methods: Data for the study were taken from an on-line survey of all employees from six German companies in the information and communication technology sector. The data obtained were analyzed using multiple logistic regressions.

Results: Analysis of data from a total of 318 employees (response rate 58.4%) revealed a significant relationship between transformational leadership and employee well-being (P = 0.00; OR = 1.13; 95% CI = 1.05 to 1.22). A higher degree of perceived transformational leadership is associated with greater well-being.

Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that a transformational leadership style, which both conveys a sense of trust and meaningfulness and individually challenges and develops employees, also has a positive effect on employee well-being.

From the Faculty of Human Science and Faculty of Medicine (Drs Pfaff, Driller, Nitzsche, and Yung, and Ms Lehner and Ms Jacobs), Institute for Medical Sociology, Health Services Research and Rehabilitation Science (IMHR), University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany; CORE Business Development GmbH (Dr Stieler-Lorenz), Berlin, Germany; Institute for Health Care Management and Research at the University of Duisburg-Essen (Dr Wasem), Essen, Germany.

Address correspondence to: Christine Jacobs, Faculty of Human Science and Faculty of Medicine, Institute for Medical Sociology, Health Services Research and Rehabilitation Science, University of Cologne, Eupener Strasse 129, 50933 Cologne, Germany (

The authors indicate no potential conflict of interest.

Copyright © 2013 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine