To evaluate the effectiveness of a participatory approach using an employee design team for a 12-week weight-loss program with an 8-week follow-up.
Twenty-four employees with mean [standard error (SE)] for weight 233.24 lb [8.16], body mass index 33.29 kg/cm2
[0.82], and age 42.7 years [1.5] participated in the study, among whom 75% were men and 25% women.
Significant reductions in weight, body mass index, and waist circumference (among men) were observed before and after intervention (P < 0.05). About 73% and 68% of the variation in weight change (P
< 0.01) and waist circumference (P
< 0.01), respectively, were explained by Nutrition Knowledge and Exercise Confidence scores after controlling for gender and age.
A participatory program with employee involvement resulted in positive outcomes. Increasing participants' knowledge and providing skills to manage their weight seem to change their attitudes, resulting in better outcomes.