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Process Evaluation of a Workplace Health Promotion Intervention Aimed at Improving Work Engagement and Energy Balance

van Berkel, Jantien MA; Boot, Cécile R.L. PhD; Proper, Karin I. PhD; Bongers, Paulien M. PhD; van der Beek, Allard J. PhD

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: January 2013 - Volume 55 - Issue 1 - p 19–26
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e318269e5a6
Original Articles

Objective: To evaluate the process of the implementation of an intervention aimed at improving work engagement and energy balance, and to explore associations between process measures and compliance.

Methods: Process measures were assessed using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods.

Results: The mindfulness training was attended at least once by 81.3% of subjects, and 54.5% were highly compliant. With regard to e-coaching and homework exercises, 6.3% and 8.0%, respectively, were highly compliant. The training was appreciated with a 7.5 score and e-coaching with a 6.8 score. Appreciation of training and e-coaching, satisfaction with trainer and coach, and practical facilitation were significantly associated with compliance.

Conclusion: The intervention was implemented well on the level of the mindfulness training, but poorly on the level of e-coaching and homework time investment. To increase compliance, attention should be paid to satisfaction and trainer-participant relationship.

From the Department of Public and Occupational Health—EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research (Ms van Berkel, and Drs Boot, Proper, and van der Beek), VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Body@Work, Research Center on Physical Activity, Work, and Health (Ms van Berkel, and Drs Boot, Proper, Bongers, and van der Beek), TNO-VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; and Department of Work and Employment (Dr Bongers), TNO Quality of Life, Hoofddorp, the Netherlands.

Address correspondence to: Cécile R.L. Boot, PhD, Department of Public and Occupational Health–EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, the Netherlands (

This project is part of a research program “Vitality in Practice,” which is financed by Fonds Nuts Ohra (Nuts Ohra Foundation).

All authors contributed to the conceptual design of the study and intellectual input into the design of this article. JvB performed data collection, analyzed data, and drafted the manuscript. KIP, CRLB, PMB, and AJvdB provided support during the development of the Mindful VIP program. All authors contributed to the further writing of the manuscript.

Authors Boot, van Berkel, Proper, Bongers, and van der Beek have no relationships/conditions/circumstances that present potential conflict of interest.

The JOEM Editorial Board and planners have no financial interest related to this research.

Copyright © 2013 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine