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Perceived Job Insecurity and Health: The Michigan Recession and Recovery Study

Burgard, Sarah A. PhD; Kalousova, Lucie BA; Seefeldt, Kristin S. PhD

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: September 2012 - Volume 54 - Issue 9 - p 1101–1106
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182677dad
Original Articles

Objective: To examine the association between perceived job insecurity in the next 12 months and current health with a sample representing working-aged employed adults in southeast Michigan in late 2009/early 2010 (n, 440 to 443).

Methods: Logistic regression was used to compare the health of participants who perceived job insecurity with those who did not, with adjustments for objective employment problems and social characteristics.

Results: Insecure workers were more likely to report fair or poor self-rated health (odds ratio [OR], 2.68; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.14 to 6.32), symptoms suggesting major or minor depression (OR, 6.76; 95% CI, 3.34 to 13.3), and anxiety attacks (OR, 3.73; 95% CI, 1.40 to 9.97), even after correction for confounding factors.

Conclusion: This study provides evidence that perceived job insecurity may be linked to health even among those who avoided unemployment in the late-2000s recession.

From the Department of Sociology (Dr Burgard and Ms Kalousova), and School of Social Work (Dr Seefeldt), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Address correspondence to: Sarah A. Burgard, PhD, Department of Sociology, University of Michigan, 500 South State Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1382 (

No Funding or support was received for completion of these analyses.

The data used in this study were collected with funds provided to the National Poverty Center at the University of Michigan by the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation at the US Department of Health and Human services and by the Office of the Vice President for Research, University of Michigan, and by grants from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation and the Ford Foundation.

The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

Copyright © 2012 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine