Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Share this article on:

Examining the Relationship Between Psychosocial Working Conditions, Physical Work Demands, and Leisure Time Physical Activity in Canada

Morassaei, Sara BSc,; Smith, Peter M. PhD, MPH

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: October 2011 - Volume 53 - Issue 10 - p 1099–1105
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182307863
ORIGINAL ARTICLES: CME Available for this Article at

Objective: To examine the effects of psychosocial working conditions and physical work demands on leisure time physical activity (LTPA).

Methods: Using path analysis, direct and indirect effects of self-reported working conditions on LTPA levels were assessed in a representative sample of 4167 workers from the 2000 to 2001 Canadian National Population Health Survey.

Results: Higher levels of skill discretion and decision latitude were associated with higher LTPA. Physical work demands had opposite effects among men versus women, and skill discretion had a stronger effect among women than among men. Job security had a stronger effect on older workers and those without children younger than 13 years.

Conclusions: The results support the influence of the work environment on LTPA and suggest that certain work conditions should be targeted in future interventions seeking to impact participation in physical activity.

From the Institute for Work & Health (Ms Morassaei and Dr Smith), Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and Dalla Lana School of Public Health (Dr Smith), University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Address correspondence to: Sara Morassaei, BSc, Institute for Work & Health, 481 University Ave, Ste 800, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 2E9 (

Authors Morassaei and Smith have no commercial interest related to this research.

The JOEM Editorial Board and planners have no financial interest related to this research.

©2011The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine