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Genetic Polymorphisms in Metabolizing Enzymes and Susceptibility of Chromosomal Damage Induced by Vinyl Chloride Monomer in a Chinese Worker Population

Wang, Wei PhD; Qiu, Yu-lan PhD; Ji, Fang PhD; Liu, Jing MS; Wu, Fen PhD; Miao, Wen-bin MS; Li, Yongliang MD; Brandt-Rauf, Paul W. DrPH, MD, ScD; Xia, Zhao-lin MD, PhD

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: February 2010 - Volume 52 - Issue 2 - p 163-168
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181cac00b
Original Articles

Objective: To evaluate whether polymorphisms in metabolizing enzymes contributed to susceptibility of chromosomal damage induced by vinyl chloride monomer (VCM).

Methods: Cytokinesis block micronucleus test was performed on 185 VCM-exposed workers and 41 control subjects to detect chromosomal damage in peripheral lymphocytes. The polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism technique was applied to detect polymorphisms of GSTT1, GSTM1, GSTP1G/A, CYP2E1G/C, and CYP2D6G/C. Poisson regression analysis was performed.

Results: Sex, age, VCM exposure, GSTP1, and CYP2E1 genotype can influence chromosomal damage. There was a 1.51-fold increased micronucleus frequency for GSTP1GG genotypes individuals compared with those GSTP1AA/GA genotype individuals (P < 0.05), the effect of polymorphism in CYP2E1 gene was more pronounced for allele C compared with allele G (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: Polymorphisms of GSTP1G/A and CYP2E1G/C, which are potential susceptibility biomarkers of chromosomal damage in VCM-exposed worker.

From the Department of Occupational Health and Toxicology (Dr Wang, Dr Qiu, Dr Ji, Dr Liu, Dr Wu, Dr Miao, Dr Xia), School of Public Health, Fudan University, and Key Laboratory of Public Health and Safety of Ministry of Education of China, Shanghai, China; Department of Occupational Health and Occupational Medicine (Dr Wang), School of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhenzhou, China; and School of Public Health (Dr Li, Dr Brandt-Rauf), University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Ill.

Wei Wang, Yu-lan Qiu, and Fang Ji contributed equally to this work.

Address correspondence to: Dr. Zhaolin Xia, MD, PhD, Department of Occupational Health and Toxicology, School of Public Health, Fudan University, 138 Yixueyuan Road, Shanghai 200032, China; E-mail:

©2010The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine