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Evaluation of a Comprehensive Integrated Workplace-Based Program to Reduce Occupational Musculoskeletal Injury and Its Associated Morbidity in a Large Hospital

Badii, Maziar MD, MHSc, FRCPC; Keen, Dave BSc; Yu, Shicheng PhD; Yassi, Annalee MD, MSc, FRCPC

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: November 2006 - Volume 48 - Issue 11 - p 1159-1165
doi: 10.1097/01.jom.0000243416.18334.c8
Original Articles

Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of an integrated workplace-based program to reduce musculoskeletal injuries (MSIs) and the impact of those injuries in healthcare workers.

Methods: A pre-/postintervention with concurrent control study design was applied—3 years of data before the program with 1 year of data during the program.

Results: Time-loss (TL) MSIs increased at the intervention site during the intervention year. However, the program returned injured employees back to work in a shorter time and, compared with average historical data, reduced compensation costs and healthcare costs associated with TL MSIs during the first year.

Conclusion: The findings that MSI-associated TL and compensation costs were significantly lower during the program illustrates the effectiveness of this program and demonstrates that increased reporting of MSIs need not be associated with increased claims costs.

From the Occupational Health and Safety Agency for Healthcare (OHSAH) (Dr Badii, Dr Yu, Dr Yassi); the Department of Medicine (Dr Badii, Dr Yassi), University of British Columbia (UBC), Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; and Workplace Health Department (Mr Keen), Fraser Health, Surrey, British Columbia, Canada.

Address correspondence to: Maziar Badii, MD, MHSc, FRCPC, Occupational Health and Safety Agency for Healthcare in BC, 301-1195 West Broadway, Vancouver, BC, V6H 3X5, Canada; E-mail:

©2006The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine