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Influence of Participation in a Worksite Health-Promotion Program on Disability Days

Schultz, Alyssa B. MS; Lu, Chifung MS; Barnett, Tracey E. PhD; Yen, Louis Tze-ching PhD; McDonald, Timothy MHSA; Hirschland, David MBA; Edington, Dee W. PhD

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: August 2002 - Volume 44 - Issue 8 - p 776-780
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
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This study assessed the impact of health-promotion program participation on short-term and long-term disability absence days during a 6-year period in a manufacturing company. Male, hourly, active employees (n = 4189) were analyzed from 1995 to 2000. Disability absences were compared for program participants and nonparticipants from baseline (1995) through 5 years of the program.

The percentage of nonparticipants absent on any given day was greater than that of participants. Moreover, the average number of disability absence days incurred by nonparticipants significantly increased from baseline to program year 5 compared with participants. The total amount saved each year in disability absence days for the 2596 program participants was $623,040, which resulted in a savings-to-cost ratio of 2.3 per year.

Participation in worksite health-promotion programs may lead to reduced disability days in a manufacturing worksite population.

From the University of Michigan Health Management Research Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (Ms Schultz, Ms Lu, Dr Barnett, Dr Yen); Corporate Health Promotion, General Motors Corporation, Detroit, Michigan (Mr McDonald); the Social Security Department, International Union of the United Automobile, Aerospace, and Agricultural Implement Workers of American, Detroit, Michigan (Mr Hirschland); and the University of Michigan Health Management Research Center and Department of Kinesiology, Ann Arbor, Michigan (Dr Edington).

Address correspondence to: Dee W. Edington, PhD, Director, University of Michigan Health Management Research Center, 1027 E Huron, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-1688; dwe@umich.edu

Copyright © by American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Copyright © 2002 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine