The updated cohort consisted of 3328 workers who were employed at the Mobil (now ExxonMobil) Torrance, California, refinery for at least 1 year between 1959 and 1997. The vital status of the cohort was determined through a variety of sources, including company employment or retirement records, the Social Security Administration’s Death Master File, and the National Death Index. The updated study covered an observation period of 38 years from 1960 to 1997, with a total of 60,612 person-years of observation. A total of 705 (21.2%) cohort members were identified as having died. Mortality data were analyzed in terms of cause-specific standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs), with expected deaths based on US national cause-, gender-, race-, year-, and age-specific mortality rates. The overall mortality of the cohort was significantly lower than expected when compared with the US general population (SMR, 81.9; 95% CI, 76.0 to 88.2). Overall cancer mortality was also lower than expected (SMR, 79.8; 95% CI, 67.9 to 93.1). For specific cancer sites, significant mortality deficits were observed for cancer of the digestive system (SMR, 70.9; 95% CI, 49.4 to 98.6) and cancer of the respiratory system (SMR, 74.1; 95% CI, 55.5 to 97.0). No significant increase was reported for any site-specific cancer. For nonmalignant diseases, no significant increase was observed for any cause. In particular, significant mortality deficits were reported for ischemic heart disease (SMR, 87.7; 95% CI, 77.2 to 99.3), chronic endocardial disease and other myocardial insufficiencies (SMR, 8.3; 95% CI, 0.2 to 46.0), all other heart disease (SMR, 64.2; 95% CI, 43.0 to 92.2), and influenza and pneumonia (SMR, 59.2; 95% CI, 33.1 to 97.6). Detailed analysis by length of employment did not reveal any significant mortality excess or upward trend. Analyses of male employees by job classification (process and maintenance) were conducted. Among maintenance workers, mortality from cirrhosis of the liver (SMR, 190.1; 95% CI, 101.2 to 325.1) and suicide (SMR, 208.6; 95% CI, 111.1 to 356.7) were significantly elevated. However, these mortality excesses did not seem to be related to employment at the refinery. No other causes of death showed significant increase among maintenance workers. A similar separate analysis was conducted for process workers, and no significant excess was detected for any cause. The findings from the present study are discussed in conjunction with results from previous investigations of employees at the Torrance refinery and with results from other refinery studies. Potential limitations of the study are also discussed.