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Learning Needs Assessment: Not Only for Continuing Education

Journal for Nurses in Professional Development: July/August 2016 - Volume 32 - Issue 4 - p E8
doi: 10.1097/NND.0000000000000281
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Back to Top | Article Outline


GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide an overview of learning needs assessments (LNAs), including definitions, categories, measurement tools, and steps to perform an assessment.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After completing this continuing education activity, you should be able to:

1. Identify the categories of LNAs and the data collection tools used with each category.

2. List the steps involved in an LNA and the benefits of conducting them.

  1. The primary purpose of the LNA is to assist with and enhance which aspect of educational activities?
    1. evaluating
    2. planning
    3. presenting
  2. Which of the following is an LNA category?
    1. analysis of past behaviors
    2. anticipation of future needs
    3. assessment of current needs
  3. The current definition of a gap analysis includes what individuals know as well as whether they
    1. act on it.
    2. can communicate it.
    3. comprehend it.
  4. Lubejko (2015) recommended assessing gaps in knowledge using
    1. audits.
    2. simulation.
    3. debriefing.
  5. Which gap analysis tool is commonly used for large groups?
    1. focus groups
    2. pre- and posttesting
    3. surveys
  6. In health care, an organizational LNA may include all of the following, except
    1. consumer needs.
    2. financial needs.
    3. job performance needs.
  7. The best LNA strategy for a training needs analysis is most likely to be
    1. an advisory group.
    2. return demonstration.
    3. observation of performance.
  8. The “O” in SWOT analysis stands for
    1. opportunities.
    2. organization.
    3. outcomes.
  9. What did Norman (2004) recommend individual learners use to identify learning needs?
    1. case studies
    2. observation
    3. reflection
  10. Burk (2008) used which term to refer to the anticipation of future educational needs?
    1. forecasting learning needs
    2. forward-thinking learning
    3. proactive education
  11. The author cites evidence that educators can anticipate increasing use of which learning strategy in the future?
    1. case studies
    2. lectures
    3. online gamification
  12. What is the first step in conducting an LNA?
    1. identify parameters
    2. identify the purpose
    3. select the tool
  13. The second step in conducting an LNA includes examining the
    1. desired outcomes.
    2. environment.
    3. root causes.
  14. Which of the following would help establish confidence in the results of a survey?
    1. answers align with anticipated needs
    2. similar responses among participants
    3. adequate return rate
  15. According to Burk (2008), the results of an analysis should be prioritized based on urgency, safety, and
    1. adequacy of data.
    2. required time and resources.
    3. organizational needs.
  16. According to Dessinger and Moseley (2003), which type of evaluation is included in a full-scope evaluation process?
    1. confirmative
    2. evaluative
    3. facilitative
  17. Which full-scope evaluation process measures immediate learning outcomes?
    1. evaluative
    2. formative
    3. summative
  18. As described by Warshauer (1988), benefits of a well-developed and implemented LNA include
    1. encouraging mentorship.
    2. increasing organization morale.
    3. providing program and design ideas.
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