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CE Test

Reviewing the Literature Essential First Step in Research, Quality Improvement, and Implementing Evidence-Based Practice

Journal for Nurses in Professional Development: July/August 2015 - Volume 31 - Issue 4 - p E1
doi: 10.1097/NND.0000000000000192


  • Read the article on page 191.
  • Take the test. Each question has only one correct answer.
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Registration Deadline: August 31, 2017

Provider Accreditation:

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, publisher of the Journal for Nurses in Staff Development, will award 2.0 contact hours for this continuing nursing education activity.

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation.

This activity is also provider approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider Number CEP 11749 for 2.0 contact hours. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins is also an approved provider of continuing nursing education by the District of Columbia and Florida #50-1223. Your certificate is valid in all states.

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Disclosure Statement:

The authors and planners have disclosed that they have no financial relationships related to this article.

Payment and Discounts:

  • The registration fee for this test is $21.95.

GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide a working knowledge of the importance of literature reviews and how to conduct them.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After completing this continuing education activity, you will be able to:

1. Differentiate research, quality improvement, and evidence-based practice implementation and specify the importance of literature review to each.

2. Identify the steps required to perform a literature review.

  1. Investigative work always begins by looking at
    1. past scientific works.
    2. ongoing research.
    3. future analytic pursuits.
  2. Garrard (2013) used “…reading, analyzing, and writing a synthesis of scholarly materials about a specific topic” to define a
    1. research paper.
    2. critical appraisal.
    3. literature review.
  3. A data-guided activity intended to bring about quick improvement to a clinical problem in a particular setting is termed
    1. research.
    2. quality improvement.
    3. evidence-based initiative.
  4. Embarking on a quality improvement project without a thorough review of the literature may be a breach of ethics because it could
    1. incur prohibitive costs.
    2. waste important resources.
    3. cause harm.
  5. Lynn et al. (2007) stated that a review of the literature would show if a quality improvement project idea is potentially
    1. being used elsewhere.
    2. better than current practice.
    3. cost-effective.
  6. Evidence-based practice integrates clinical expertise and patient and family preferences with
    1. primary care providers.
    2. quality improvement initiatives.
    3. research evidence.
  7. Regarding what appears to be evidence-based practice, LoBiondo-Wood and Haber (2013) called for
    1. a call to action.
    2. immediate application.
    3. a pause before implementation.
  8. The first step in a literature review is to
    1. define the questions.
    2. search for publications.
    3. read the articles.
  9. The P in PICOT stands for
    1. problem.
    2. population.
    3. proposal.
  10. Which of the following research components is a necessary element of every scientific inquiry?
    1. comparison
    2. time frame
    3. outcomes
  11. Which technique for using key words has categorized every standardized heading within its database?
    1. MeSH
    2. Boolean
    3. CINAHL
  12. What type of journal accepts manuscripts for print based on a review of experts in their field of research?
    1. scientific research
    2. peer-reviewed
    3. professional trade
  13. An ancestry search makes use of
    1. unpublished research.
    2. research published outside search parameters.
    3. citations and references.
  14. If the search for literature turns up very little material, the researcher’s first consideration should be that
    1. no one has studied the topic before.
    2. the search criteria might be too narrow.
    3. the research topic should be changed.
  15. If a project idea was to implement evidence-based practice and little evidence was found in the literature, then a decision must be made to
    1. continue with current practice.
    2. produce anecdotal evidence.
    3. use other methods to justify a change in practice.
  16. The search for relevant literature should continue until
    1. the volume of information becomes unmanageable.
    2. eight recently published articles have been identified.
    3. no new information is found.
  17. Which of the following is rated 1 in level of strength?
    1. quality reports
    2. experimental RTCs
    3. qualitative research
  18. Research that includes a general description of research methods, adequate sample size, and primarily consistent results is considered
    1. good quality.
    2. high quality.
    3. high level of strength.
© 2015 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.