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New Graduate Nurses, New Graduate Nurse Transition Programs, and Clinical Leadership Skill

A Systematic Review

Chappell, Kathy B. PhD, RN; Richards, Kathy C. PhD, RN, FAAN

Journal for Nurses in Professional Development: May/June 2015 - Volume 31 - Issue 3 - p 128–137
doi: 10.1097/NND.0000000000000159
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This systematic review evaluated the relationship between new graduate nurses and clinical leadership skill, and between new graduate nurse transition programs and clinical leadership skill. New graduate nurse transition programs have been cited as one strategy to improve clinical leadership skill, but to our knowledge, no one has synthesized the evidence on new graduate nurse transition programs and clinical leadership skill. Results of this review showed that new graduate nurse transition programs that were at least 24 weeks in length had a positive impact on clinical leadership skill. New graduate nurse transition programs using the University HealthSystem Consortium/American Association of Colleges of Nursing Nurse Residency curriculum had the greatest impact, followed by curriculum developed by the Versant New Graduate RN Residency, an important finding for nursing professional development specialists.

Kathy B. Chappell, PhD, RN, is Vice President, Accreditation Program and Institute for Credentialing Research; and Director, American Nurses Credentialing Center, Silver Spring, Maryland.

Kathy C. Richards, PhD, RN, FAAN, is University Professor for Doctoral Programs and Research Development, School of Nursing, College of Health and Human Services, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia.

Dr. Chappell received grants from George Mason University and the Association for Nursing Professional Development. Dr. Richards has received support from the National Institutes of Health.

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationship with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

ADDRESS FOR CORRESPONDENCE: Kathy B. Chappell, PhD, RN, American Nurses Credentialing Center, 8515 Georgia Avenue, Suite 400, Silver Spring, MD 20910 (e-mail: Kathy.chappell@ana.org).

© 2015 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.