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Testing the Effects of a Pharmaceutical Program on Fall Rates in Older Adults

Zanetos, Joanne Marie DNP, MSN, RN; Lux, Kathleen Mary PhD, RN, ANPD, CHES; Richardson, Luann G. PhD, CRNP

Journal for Nurses in Professional Development: May/June 2014 - Volume 30 - Issue 3 - p 143–148
doi: 10.1097/NND.0000000000000061

A pretest-posttest no control group design was used to test knowledge on fall incidence in residents of a rehabilitation center. Twenty-six staff nurses were educated on fundamental geriatric pharmacology. Results of a two-tailed t test showed a significant increase in posttest scores (t test(50) = 3.53, p = .003). Retrospective fall and medication data collected over 2 months in 2011 and 2 months in 2012 were compared. The incidence of falls decreased (44.7%) with total number of residents falling (30.7%) post intervention in 2012. Staff nurses need to have continuing pharmaceutical education and medication management classes about the elderly.

This article discusses how an orientation program was formalized into the internship program and how the theory was applied

Joanne Marie Zanetos, DNP, MSN, RN, is Associated Clinical Faculty at The Ohio State University College of Nursing, Columbus, and Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Kathleen Mary Lux, PhD, RN, ANPD, CHES, is Associate Professor, Capital University, Columbus, Ohio.

Luann G. Richardson, PhD, CRNP, is Assistant Professor, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationship with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

ADDRESS FOR CORRESPONDENCE: Joanne Marie Zanetos, DNP, MSN, RN, 1585 Neil Avenue, #399, Columbus, OH 43210 (e-mail:;

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.